Natural habitats referred to in the EU Habitats Directive


Report on the state of nature in the EU - The European Environment Agency (EEA)

The Habitats Directive protects nearly 200 habitats considered valuable by the European Community. Naturally, these habitats are only found in very small areas, or are in danger of disappearing within the Community. On the other hand, they could also be excellent examples of the EU´s six biogeographical regions.

Esker forests form a habitat protected by the EU. The esker environment is at its most unique on sunlit esker slopes. © Anne Raunio.

Some natural habitats are priority habitats. These habitats are in danger of disappearing and the EU has a particular responsibility for them.

A total of 68 habitats referred to in the Habitats Directive can be found in Finland, 22 of which have priority status.

The Habitats Directive requires that Member States designate areas for protection in order to guarantee favourable conservation status. These habitats are listed in Annex I of the Habitats Directive. Habitats are a factor in the selection process for Natura 2000 sites. Selection criteria for these sites is listed in Annex III.


Published 2013-11-25 at 14:53, updated 2020-11-04 at 12:10